BY SENATORS Andrews, Congrove, Dyer, Epps, Evans, Hillman, Lamborn, Musgrave, Owen, Powers, Tebedo, and Teck;

also REPRESENTATIVES Sinclair, Lee, Dean, Decker, Fairbank, Gotlieb, Hoppe, Johnson, Kester, Larson, May, McElhany, McKay, McPherson, Miller, Nunez, Paschall, Scott, Swenson, Webster, T. Williams, Witwer, Hefley, Kaufman, Mitchell, Pfiffner, Stengel, and Taylor.


WHEREAS, Colorado is the thirty­eighth state to enter the federal union of the United States of America and is entitled to all the rights, privileges, and obligations that the union affords and requires, including the obligation of the federal government to provide for the common defense; and

WHEREAS, The federal government has not provided for the common defense of the United States, including Colorado, against attack by long­range ballistic missiles; and

WHEREAS, The United States currently has no defense against long­range ballistic missiles despite possessing sophisticated military installations, such as the NORAD command center in Cheyenne Mountain; and

WHEREAS, The people of Colorado recognize the evolution and proliferation of missile delivery systems and weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, in foreign states such as North Korea, Iran, Iraq, Libya, China, and Russia who are sharing ballistic missile and nuclear weapons technology among themselves; and

WHEREAS, There is a growing threat to the United States and its territories, deployed forces, and allies by aggressors in foreign states and rogue nations that are seeking chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons capability and a means to deliver such capability using long­range ballistic missiles; and

WHEREAS, On August 31, 1998, without any advanced detection by the U.S. intelligence community and to the surprise of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, communist North Korea tested its Taepo Dong 1 Long­Range Ballistic Missile; and

WHEREAS, With its estimated range of 3,000 to 6,000 miles, this type of three­stage ballistic missile is capable of reaching the United States, and, if used as a fractional orbital bombardment system, the missile has an unlimited range; and

WHEREAS, In 1996, communist China threatened the United States with ballistic missile attack if it intervened in the dispute between China and Taiwan and, in 1995 and 1996, communist China launched ballistic missiles near Taiwan to threaten that country; and

WHEREAS, China has conducted at least forty­five nuclear tests, and in 1998 the Central Intelligence Agency reported that thirteen of China's eighteen long­range missiles were targeted at U.S. cities; and

WHEREAS, In addition to the long­range ballistic missiles it currently possesses, China is also building new long­range ballistic missiles; and

WHEREAS, In 1993, in response to its economic difficulties and decline in conventional military capability, Russia's leaders issued a national security policy placing greater reliance on nuclear deterrence; and

WHEREAS, Russia still has over 20,000 nuclear weapons, and the risk of an accident or loss of control over Russian ballistic missile forces could occur with little or no warning to the U.S.; and

WHEREAS, Russia poses a risk to the United States as a major exporter of ballistic missile technology, enabling countries hostile to the United States to threaten or attack the United States with ballistic missiles; and

WHEREAS, The congressionally chartered Commission to Assess the Ballistic Missile Threat to the United States led by former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld unanimously recommended that the U.S. analyses, practices, and policies that depend on expectations of extended warning of deployment of ballistic missiles be reviewed and, as appropriate, be revised to reflect the reality of an environment in which there may be little or no warning of development and launch of said missiles; and

WHEREAS, In March 1999 the United States Congress passed legislation declaring it the policy of the United States to deploy a national missile defense, in recognition of the threats we face; now, therefore,

Be It Resolved by the Senate of the Sixty­second General Assembly of the State of Colorado, the House of Representatives concurring herein:

That the President, Congress, and the government of the United States are hereby strongly urged:

(1)  To take all actions necessary to provide for the common defense and protect on an equal basis all people, resources, and states of the United States from the threat of missile attack, regardless of the physical location of each state of the union;

(2)  To include all fifty states in every National Intelligence Estimate of missile threat of the United States;

(3)  To take all necessary measures to ensure that all fifty states are protected from weapons delivered by long­range ballistic missiles or by means of terrorists;

(4)  To make the safety and common defense of all fifty states a priority over any international treaty or obligation;

(5) (a)  To deploy a common defense against long­range ballistic missiles capable of providing multiple opportunities to intercept a ballistic missile or intercepting a ballistic missile in its boost phase (its most vulnerable position);

(b)  To deploy a defense fully exploiting the advantages of using defenses in space; and

(c)  To deploy such a defense using accelerated funding and streamlined acquisition procedures to minimize the time for deployment; and

(6)  To hold appropriate Congressional committee hearings that include the testimony of defense experts and administration officials to enable the citizens of the United States to understand the nature and extent of their vulnerability to ballistic missile attack and their level of security against such an attack.

Be it further resolved, That copies of this Resolution be sent to the President of the United States; the Vice­president of the United States; the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives; the chairmen of the Appropriations committees of the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate; the chairmen of the Armed Services committees of the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate; and each member of the Colorado Congressional delegation.

_________________________ _________________________

Ray Powers Russell George



_________________________ _________________________

Patricia K. Dicks Judith M. Rodrigue