12. PRESIDENT AND PRESIDING OFFICERS
(a) The President shall:
(1) Preside over all sessions of the Senate, except as otherwise provided in these rules.
(2) Appoint all committees except those enumerated in Senate Rule No. 19, Senate Rule No. 21 (a) and (b), and Senate Rule No. 22C unless otherwise ordered by the majority vote of all members elected.
(3) Cast a vote as any other member of the Senate.
(4) Administer all oaths required in the discharge of the President's duties; and issue, under the President's hand and attested by the secretary, all writs, warrants, and subpoenas ordered by the Senate or any committee thereof.
(5) Sign all bills and concurrent resolutions passed by the General Assembly; and sign all other resolutions, memorials, and orders.
(6) Have general direction of the Senate chamber and of approaches thereto, and preserve order and decorum, and in case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct in the lobby or galleries, have power to order the same to be cleared.
(7) Designate, when the President desires to leave the chair for a brief period and the President pro tempore is absent, a Senator to act as temporary presiding officer, who shall be invested during such time only with the duty of presiding over the Senate and preserving order, and such appointment shall not extend beyond the return of the President pro tempore or beyond an adjournment.
(b) At the beginning of each regular session convening after a general election and at such other times as may be necessary, the Senate shall, by a majority vote of all members elected, elect one of its members as President, and another member as President pro tempore, who shall, during the absence or inability of the President to serve, preside over the Senate and exercise and perform all the powers, privileges, and duties of the President. In addition, in the event of the death, resignation, disability, or absence from the state of the President, the President pro tempore, as acting President, shall exercise all the powers and duties of the President when the General Assembly is not in session, but the exercise of such powers and duties by the President pro tempore shall continue only until the General Assembly shall meet or until the disability or absence from the state of the President is removed, whichever shall first occur. In the event of the death, resignation, disability, or absence from the state of the President pro tempore, then the majority floor leader shall succeed to the office of acting President pro tempore.
(c) Neither the President, President pro tempore, nor any acting or temporary presiding officer shall be excused from or prohibited from voting on any question because of so presiding, but shall not vote on appeals from such person's decision.